I. Introduction: Conceptualizing English as a Lingua Franca (ELF)
Any lingua franca through time has made possible the communication of people who have different mother tongues. Jenkins (2006, p.11) indicates that ELF “emphasizes the role of English in communication between speakers from different L1s, i.e. the primary reason for learning English today.”
Obviously, ELF is not a feature of national identification; nonetheless, it could be argued that it has developed a sense of unity among its interlocutors since English “used as a Lingua Franca functions as a shared repertoire . . .
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